Visual Computing

@IST Austria

State of the Art in Computational Mould Design

A simple example illustrating the main concepts and terms that describe a casting mold


Computer Graphics Forum 2022


Moulding refers to a set of manufacturing techniques in which a mould, usually a cavity or a solid frame, is used to shape a liquid or pliable material into an object of the desired shape. The popularity of moulding comes from its effectiveness, scalability and versatility in terms of employed materials. Its relevance as a fabrication process is demonstrated by the extensive literature covering different aspects related to mould design, from material flow simulation to the automation of mould geometry design. In this state-of-the-art report, we provide an extensive review of the automatic methods for the design of moulds, focusing on contributions from a geometric perspective. We classify existing mould design methods based on their computational approach and the nature of their target moulding process. We summarize the relationships between computational approaches and moulding techniques, highlighting their strengths and limitations. Finally, we discuss potential future research directions.

Pre-peer review version PDF, 32.48MB This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Alderighi, T., Malomo, L., Auzinger, T., Bickel, B., Cignoni, P. and Pietroni, N. (2022), State of the Art in Computational Mould Design. Computer Graphics Forum, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.